Henry VIII, the Reign
Letters & Papers: Volume 1
148. Treaty between Henry VIII., King Of England Maximilian, Emperor Elect, and King Ferdinand The Catholic.
The Commissioners are--
On the part of King Ferdinand :
Pedro de Urea,
Luis Caroz de Villaragut, and
Juan de Lanuza.
On the part of Maximilian, Emperor elect :
Johannes de Berghes, First Chamberlain and Governor of Namur ;
Gérard de Plaine, Siegneur de Magny.
On the part of the King of England :
Richard, Bishop of Winchester ; and
Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset.
When Louis, King of France, waged war openly on Holy Church, robbing her of her states and favouring the schism, the Emperor elect, the King of England, and King Ferdinand the Catholic, concluded a league, the object of which was to defend the Pope and Holy Church, to extirpate the schism, and to wrest from the King of France all the provinces and territories which he had unjustly acquired. They had thought it necessary to reduce the power of the King of France, lest he should render himself sole arbiter and lord of Christendom, which had always been the aim of the Kings of France. They projected, at the same time, a common war against the Infidels. Although our Lord evidently favoured their enterprise, they have not yet entirely executed it.
They renew, therefore, their league, and bind themselves to begin war with the King of France on the following conditions :--
1. None of the contracting parties is at liberty to conclude or to renew a treaty of peace or truce with the King of France.
2. The Emperor elect and the King of England bind themselves to begin war with France in Normandy and Picardy, or wherever they can cause the greatest losses to the enemy. The invasion is to take place before the 1st of June next. Any one of the armies is to be strong enough to resist the attacks of the French troops, to besiege or to defend towns, and to carry on all necessary warlike operations. The Emperor and the King of England are to take the field in person. Should, however, the King of England be prevented from taking the field in person, he is to send an able captain, with 16,000 foot, 4,000 horse, and the necessary artillery, &c.
3. King Ferdinand binds himself to invade the duchy of Guienne before the 1st of June next. His army is to consist of 15,000 foot, 1,500 light cavalry, and 1,500 heavy cavalry, with 25 pieces of artillery, and the other necessary engines of war. The King of England is to give a commission to the Spanish captain-general who is at the head of the invading army in Guienne, empowering him to carry out the enterprise, to receive the homage of the prelates, nobles, &c., to confirm the privileges, &c., in the name of the King of England. King Ferdinand is to deliver to the King of England all such territories, cities, towns, &c., as have formerly belonged to the crown of England ; whilst the King of England is to cede to King Ferdinand all such territories, cities, &c., as were formerly the property of the crowns of Castile or Aragon.
4. The King of England is to pay the expenses of the war in Guienne.
5. King Ferdinand is to enlist 6,000 Germans. The King of England binds himself to pay at the end of each month 20,000 gold crowns, each crown being worth 4 shillings, for the Spanish troops, consisting altogether of 18,000 men, and to bear the expenses of the enlistment, transport, and regular pay of the 6,000 German troops. If 6,000 Germans are not to be had, the deficiency is to be made up by Spaniards.
6. German troops are in the habit of revolting, if they do not receive their pay regularly. The King of England is, therefore, to send to Spain, before the 1st of June next, the pay for the German troops for one year, or at least for eight months. The pay of the German troops is valued at 20,000 gold crowns a month. The King of England is, also, to pay the expenses of the transport of the Germans to Spain.
7. The Emperor elect promises to permit the enlistment of the 6,000 Germans, and to give them an able colonel.
8. The King of England and King Ferdinand bind themselves to keep, each of them, a strong fleet at sea during six months after the 1st of April or as long as the war lasts.
9. None of the contracting parties is to negotiate separately, or to conclude a separate peace or truce with France.
10. The contracting parties are to ratify this treaty within five months. The ratified copies are to be exchanged in the month of May next.
11. The former treaties between the contracting parties remain in force.
13. The Pope, Charles, Prince of Spain, the Duke of Milan, and the Florentines are included in this league.
Lille, the 17th of October 1513.
Petrus de Urea.
Johannes de Lanuza.
The ratification of this league by King Ferdinand follows, dated Majorete, the 6th of December 1513.