Wolsey Usurps the Pope’s Plans – Cardinal Arranges Treaty of London in 1518 –
Wolsey Appoints Himself Christendom’s Papa
While Campeggio waited at Calais, Wolsey had been conducting clandestine negotiations in London with Étienne de Poncher, Bishop of Paris, in a process initiated from Paris back on 8 April 1518.
As a result of their deliberations, on 2 October 1518 England and France bilaterally agreed Wolsey’s new plan for perpetual peace in Christendom, which turned Tournai over to France at a price of six hundred thousand crowns. Subsequently, more than twenty other powers followed in making a peace agreement, and by March 1519 both Spain and Venice had also ratified the treaty, which was known as the Treaty of London. Wolsey had usurped the papal initiative and become the self-appointed arbiter and steward of Christendom. He had succeeded in self-aggrandisement in a fashion that His Holiness had set out to achieve for his own glorification.